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    ABSTRACT

New Zealand Journal of Forestry (2019) 64(3): 17–24
©New Zealand Institute of Forestry

Feature article
Promises and challenges for woody biomass to biofuels and biochemicals - a review

Shusheng Pang *,1

1 Professor, Department of Chemical and Process Engineering, and Director, Wood Technology Research Centre, University of Canterbury, Christchurch. Email: shusheng.pang@canterbury.ac.nz
*Corresponding author.

Abstract: Biomass has been recognised as the most promising renewable resource for the production of biofuels and biochemicals, which can substitute those presently derived from fossil fuels. However, due to the complicated physical structure and chemical composition of the biomass, there are technical challenges for commercialisation of the new technologies and processes. This review presents recent developments in woody biomass to biofuels and biochemicals using both thermochemical and biotechnology processes, although more focus is given to the thermochemical conversion technologies. Promises and challenges in each pathway are discussed and a future perspective is proposed.
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